necessity, accidental

necessity, accidental
   A proposition is true of accidental necessity at a certain time if it is outside causal reach at that time, that is, if it cannot be caused to be true or caused to be false at that time. It is alleged in the problem of foreknowledge and freedom that God's forebelief yesterday that I shall stay in bed tomorrow is now accidentally necessary, and that since it is now true of accidental necessity that if God forebelieved yesterday that I'd stay in bed tomorrow then I'll stay in bed tomorrow, it follows that it is now true of accidental necessity that I'll stay in bed tomorrow, whence it follows, so the argument goes, that my staying in bed tomorrow will not be an action arising from free will.
   See foreknowledge and freedom, problem of; Ockham, William of
   Further reading: Fischer 1989; Molina 1988

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

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